Case Management & Coaching

Module 3.5: Helping Participants Build Executive Skills

In addition to the skills and knowledge gained through access to service providers, FSS programs can help FSS participants to build the core base of executive skills that enable them to achieve their goals.

Executive skills can be defined as the basic skills that people need to manage themselves and their resources in order to achieve a goal.

Executive skills can be grouped into three categories:

  • Skills related to how we organize and plan things
  • Skills related to how we react to things
  • Skills related to how we get things done

Everyone has executive skill strengths and deficits; however, research shows that exposure to violence and other forms of trauma (especially in childhood) can affect the brain’s development of executive functioning skills. Moreover, living in poverty and experiencing chronic scarcity, toxic stress, and stressful environmental factors such as lack of sleep, depression, and poor nutrition, can negatively affect individuals’ ability to use their executive skills to solve problems and set and attain goals.

Listen to this video on the effects of stress on a person’s judgement and decision making capacity.

FSS © 2017 | U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

There are several recommended strategies that you can use to help participants overcome these factors, build or restore their executive skills, and achieve their goals. Click the arrows to expand the content.

 

Please complete this quiz before you proceed to the next module. To take the quiz, use the arrow keys or click the correct answer choice. If you answer incorrectly, you will be able to try again until you select the correct response.
Scores will not be recorded.

1. What are executive skills?

A - The set of skills required for employment in an office environment, such as typing, filing, note-taking.Incorrect.While many of these activities may require executive skills, the definition of executive skills is much broader. Executive skills are the basic skills that people need to manage themselves and their resources in order to achieve a goal.B - The basic skills that people need to manage themselves and their resources in order to achieve a goal.Correct!These include organization, persistence, flexibility, self-control, and good decision-making, among others.C - Skills that we innately possess and which function effectively regardless of environmental factors.Incorrect.Executive skills are the basic skills that people need to manage themselves and their resources in order to achieve a goal. Everyone has executive skill strengths and deficits that we can address with various strategies and approaches. In addition, research shows that people experiencing conditions of chronic scarcity, toxic stress, or stressful environmental factors may experience challenges utilizing their executive skills.

<            >

Back
to Top