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The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, As Amended by S. 896 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009

Date Published: May 2009

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The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act as amended by S. 896 The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009, enacted into law on May 20, 2009, consolidates three of the separate homeless assistance programs administered by HUD under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act into a single grant program—the Continuum of Care (CoC) Program. These three programs include the Supportive Housing Program, the Shelter Plus Care Program, and the Moderate Rehabilitation/Single Room Occupancy (SRO) Program. The HEARTH Act also codifies into law the Continuum of Care planning process, a longstanding part of HUD’s application process to assist homeless persons by providing greater coordination in responding to their needs. The HEARTH Act directs HUD to promulgate regulations for these new programs and processes. The regulatory implementation of the CoC Program is achieved through the CoC Program interim rule.

The HEARTH Act also revises the Emergency Shelter Grants program and renames it the Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG) program.

On December 4, 2015, the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act under Section. 79001. Authority to Administer Rental Assistance amended the HEARTH Act to allow nonprofits to administer rental assistance under the CoC Program.

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