Lead-Based Paint Regulations

The Consumer Product Safety Commission banned the use of lead in house paint in 1978. Prior to 1978, lead-based paint (LBP) was commonly used in homes; the older the home, the higher the concentration of lead in the paint. Title X, the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act, was passed in 1992. Title X required several Federal agencies, including HUD and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to promulgate regulations designed to, in part, protect people, especially children, living in pre-1978 homes, where LBP may have been used.

The applicability of specific regulatory requirements depends on several housing factors including:

  • Age of the housing unit(s)
  • Property being disposed of or assisted by the federal government
  • Type and amount of HUD assistance
  • Whether the dwelling is rental or privately owned
  • Whether the dwelling is occupied by a child less than six years of age

Learn more about HUD's Office of Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes (OLHCHH).


Lead Disclosure Rule

Requires disclosure of known information on LBP and LBP hazards before the sale or lease of most pre-1978 housing

Lead Safe Housing Rule

Applies to most pre-1978 “target housing” that is federally owned and/or receiving federal assistance

EPA's Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule

Requires firms performing renovation, repair, and painting projects (RRP) that disturb LBP in most pre-1978 homes, childcare, pre-schools, and child-occupied facilities to obtain firm certification and use certified renovators

Learn more about EPA lead rules.