LSHR Toolkit: Implement

Implement the Required Level of Lead Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Control

Use the tools below to implement activities by assistance level for rehabilitation.

Unless the unit is exempt, the owners must provide a pamphlet, a disclosure form and disclose all known information about LBP, LBP hazards, and mitigation steps.

Tool Name Description
Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home Pamphlet Ensures tenants are aware of lead safety. The tenant who signs the lease/rental agreement should receive this pamphlet and it should be retained with a signed copy of the disclosure form in the tenant file (property owner keeps original).
Renovate Right: Important Lead Hazard Information Pamphlet Provides information about legal requirements for safe lead practices for homeowners, tenants, childcare providers, and parents during renovation activities.

Evaluation Method: Identification of paint to be disturbed

If areas of paint to be disturbed are less than the LSHR de minimis, that must be documented on the LSHR Screening on Exemption or Limited Exemption, but no further LSHR requirements pertain to this work.

For all work that disturbs paint above the HUD LSHR de minimis area, procedures must be documented, paint must be tested or presumed to be LBP, the work and worksite managed and staffed accordingly, and clearance obtained at completion. See the Hazard Reduction Module including notices, construction, safe work practices and clearance.

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For each rehab project, program staff must determine the type of hazard evaluation and hazard reduction work that must be carried out, based on a regulatory formula that determines the per unit amount of federal assistance. View Flowchart of Rehab Process from Application to Assistance Threshold to learn more about the equation for level of assistance.

Evaluation Method: Presumption or Risk Assessment

If any amount of paint will be disturbed, this level of federal assistance requires that LBP hazards be rigorously evaluated and addressed. Grantees must either:

  1. Presume all painted surfaces constitute lead hazards, provide Notice of Presumption and treat all areas with Standard Treatments, or
  2. Conduct a Risk Assessment (and testing of surfaces to be disturbed) and treat hazards with Interim Controls or Hazard Abatement.

Grantees may conduct a cost comparison of these approaches, but, generally, conducting the Risk Assessment will be less expensive.

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For each rehab project, program staff must determine the type of hazard evaluation and hazard reduction work that must be carried out, based on a regulatory formula that determines the per unit amount of federal assistance. View Flowchart of Rehab Process from Application to Assistance Threshold to learn more about the equation for level of assistance.

 

Tool Name Description
Guidance on Presuming or Evaluating Provides guidance on whether to test for lead or to presume it.
Lead Hazard Reduction Methods Provides explanations of the different methods of lead hazard reduction.
Lead Hazard Presumption Notice – Sample Form Provides a notice template for when LBP is presumed rather than evaluated.
Guidelines on Risk Assessments Provides information on how to conduct and document a risk assessment.
Lead Hazard Evaluation Notice - Sample Form Records the Lead Hazard Evaluation Results and issue to the occupants meeting the disclosure requirements.
LSHR Screening on Exemption or Limited Exemption Part 3 certifies a project-specific exemption regarding historic preservation or relocation of elderly.

View the Hazard Reduction Module for information on notices, construction, safe work practices, and clearance tools that must be used.

Evaluation Method: Presumption or Risk Assessment

If any amount of paint will be disturbed, this level of federal assistance requires that LBP hazards be rigorously evaluated and addressed. Grantees must either:

  1. Presume all painted surfaces constitute lead hazards, provide Notice of Presumption and treat all areas with Standard Treatments, or
  2. Conduct a Risk Assessment (and testing of surfaces to be disturbed) and treat hazards with Interim Controls or Hazard Abatement

If any paint will be disturbed as part of the rehabilitation, this level of federal assistance requires that lead-based paint hazards be abated. Hazard abatement must be carried out on the interior of the home; interim controls are acceptable on the exterior if rehabilitation will not disturb exterior painted surfaces or if the property is determined eligible or listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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For each rehab project, program staff must determine the type of hazard evaluation and hazard reduction work that must be carried out, based on a regulatory formula that determines the per unit amount of federal assistance. View Flowchart of Rehab Process from Application to Assistance Threshold to learn more about the equation for level of assistance.

 

Tool Name Description
Guidance on Presuming or Evaluating Provides guidance on whether to test for lead or to presume it.
Lead Hazard Reduction Methods Provides explanations of the different methods of lead hazard reduction.
Lead Hazard Presumption Notice – Sample Form Provides a notice template for when lead-based paint is presumed rather than evaluated.
Guidelines on Risk Assessments Provides information on how to conduct and document a risk assessment.
Lead Hazard Evaluation Notice - Sample Form Records the Lead Hazard Evaluation Results and issue to the occupants meeting the disclosure requirements.
LSHR Screening on Exemption or Limited Exemption Part three certifies a project-specific exemption regarding historic preservation or relocation of elderly.

View the Hazard Reduction Module for information on Notices, Construction, Safe Work Practices, and Clearance tools that must be used.

If a rehabbed unit or property has an ongoing relationship with the program, such as a project-based rental subsidy or HOME-assisted rental housing during an affordability period, then ongoing maintenance will be required. Units must have Visual Assessments annually and have deteriorated paint stabilized. Owners must have and implement an ongoing lead paint maintenance plan. Written notice asking residents to report any deteriorated paint and any failure of encapsulation or enclosure must be implemented and documented.

Tool Name Description
Log of Visual Assessment and Resolution Report Records when the inspector, trained in visual assessment techniques, performed the visual assessment and documents the location, how much (area) deteriorated paint was found, and owners’ responsibility to treat and clear the hazards.
Sample Certification for Ongoing Monitoring and Maintenance Certifies ongoing maintenance requirements are met.

For all work that disturbs paint above the HUD LSHR de minimis level, the work must meet certain HUD and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements, including paint testing or the presumption of lead. If lead is present or presumed, then lead safe work practices and worker/occupant protection procedures must be implemented and documented. View the Hazard Reduction Module for more information on these procedures.

Tool Name Description
LSHR Screening on Exemption or Limited Exemption Determines if there is a one-time small repair exemption for some requirements

Disclosure forms pertaining the lead history of a property will need to be provided to any subsequent tenants or owners if lead hazard activities were undertaken. While this information is required, it is important to note that if any changes in property condition, maintenance or new lead hazard reduction activities have taken place, lead disclosures will need to be updated.

Tool Description
Sample Disclosure Form for Rental
English | Spanish
Provides disclosure form to tenants to show lead hazard activities undertaken. This is given by the owners/landlords. Owners use the form to disclose all known information, including no knowledge, of the presence of lead-based paint and hazard reduction work and tenants must acknowledge receipt of the owner’s information.
Sample Disclosure Form for Sales
English | Spanish
Provides disclosure for buyers to show lead hazard activities undertaken.