Coastal Zone Management


Coastal resources and ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the effects of urbanization. They encompass sensitive soils and vegetation as well as unique land forms like barrier reefs and wetlands that play an important part in the health and protection of upland areas.

The Coastal Zone Management Program (CZMP) is authorized by the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq) and administered at the federal level by the Coastal Programs Division within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (NOAA-OCRM).

NOAA’s Coastal Programs Division is responsible for advancing national coastal management objectives and maintaining and strengthening state and territorial coastal management capabilities. It supports states through financial assistance, mediation, technical services and information, and participation in priority state, regional, and local forums. Federal assistance to applicant agencies for activities affecting any coastal use or resource is granted only when such activities are consistent with Federally approved state coastal zone management plans. 

Projects that can affect the coastal zone must be carried out in a manner consistent with the state coastal zone management program under Section 307(c) and (d) of the Act, as amended. For HUD policy, see 24 CFR 58.5(c) or 24 CFR 50.4(c)(2).

HUD Guidance

Does your state have a designated coastal zone?

If so, is the project located in, or does it affect, a coastal zone as defined in the state’s coastal management plan?

If so, does the project include activities that are subject to state review? Refer to your state Coastal Management Program (CMP) website for listed activities.

If so, is the project consistent with the State's coastal zone management program? Work with the state coastal commission to obtain a consistency determination.

Compliance and Documentation

The environmental review record should contain one of the following:

  • A general location map establishing the project is located in a state where there are no coastal zones or documentation showing the State is not participating in the CZM program

  • If the project is in a state with a coastal zone, a statement or map from the local planning department, state coastal commission, or district as evidence the project is not in the CZMA.

  • A determination that the project activities are not subject to state review

  • A Federal consistency determination from the state coastal commission, including a description of any necessary mitigation

View Coastal Zone Management - Worksheet.

View Coastal Zone Management Act - Partner Worksheet.