HUD Reports Homelessness Continues to Decline Nationally
U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary Julián Castro today announced HUD’s latest national one-night estimate of homelessness, highlighting a continuing decline across the nation. The results are based on HUD’s Point-in-Time (PIT) estimates, which seek to measure the scope of homelessness on a single night in January each year.
HUD’s 2015 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress found that there has been an overall 11% decrease and 26% drop in the unsheltered homeless population since 2010, when President Obama launched Opening Doors, the nation’s first-ever comprehensive strategy to prevent and end homelessness. Between 2010 and January 2015, veteran homelessness declined 36%, family homelessness declined 19%, and chronic homelessness among individuals declined 22%. The report shows that certain communities are making significant positive progress, while others are struggling in light of the widespread housing affordability crisis, budget shortages, or slow adoption of best practices.
In remarks last week at a Veterans Day ceremony in Richmond, Virginia, Secretary Castro congratulated the Commonwealth for becoming the first state to effectively end veteran homelessness, as well as other communities across the nation from Syracuse, New York to Las Vegas, Nevada. The decline in veteran homelessness is largely attributed to significant investments made by the U.S. Congress and the close collaboration between HUD and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) on a joint program called HUD-VA Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH), which provides a rental subsidy along with support services for those veterans who need them. Since 2008, nearly 80,000 rental vouchers have been awarded and more than 101,000 veterans have been served through the program. Last week, HUD and the VA announced an additional $12 million to expand the program.
“The Obama Administration has made an historic commitment to effectively end homelessness in this nation. Together with our partners across the federal government and communities from coast to coast, we have made tremendous progress toward our ambitious goals. But our work is far from finished. We have to continue making smart investments in the strategies that work so that everyone has a place to call home,” said HUD Secretary Castro.
“While we are seeing strong progress in some communities, we also know that we need to accelerate progress in others,” says Matthew Doherty, Executive Director of the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH). “While communities work hard to use their current resources as efficiently as they can and to implement Housing First practices, we are working to provide the additional federal investments, included in the President’s FY 2016 budget, that are needed to drive greater progress toward ending homelessness for all Americans.”
Since the passage of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act in 1987, HUD has worked with communities to build the capacity of homeless programs across the country. By targeting investments to individuals and families who need assistance most – those on the street the longest, or with the greatest barriers to housing – HUD is ensuring that its limited resources are used as effectively and efficiently as possible. Despite increased requests in the President’s Budget each year, HUD homeless assistance funding from Congress has not kept pace with need. This has resulted in only a small decrease in the number of individuals experiencing chronic homelessness between 2014 and 2015. In the meantime, HUD continues to incentivize communities to target resources, prioritize assistance, and invest in programs with proven track records.
The data being reported by HUD today on youth experiencing homelessness is a work in progress because communities are still learning how to collect this data accurately. Because of this, HUD cautions its partners and stakeholders from drawing conclusions regarding the state of youth homelessness based solely on this data. In order to continue to improve data on youth, HUD revised its data collection requirements, which may result in future increased PIT counts as communities improve their methodologies.
HUD is also working with communities to improve collection to better understand the size and scope of homelessness, including efforts like youth engagement and collaboration with schools and other youth-serving systems. In addition, HUD is in the process of improving and updating its year-long data collection on youth, and now also includes data from the U.S. Department of Education and American Housing Survey in its Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress.
Improved data collection informs HUD’s strategies for ending homelessness. Across the nation, communities are implementing systems to quickly and effectively house individuals and families experiencing homelessness in a coordinated way. They are working together across agencies, creating unprecedented partnerships toward achieving the national goal of ending homelessness.
On a single night in January 2015, state and local planning agencies reported the following estimates of homelessness:
- Overall, homelessness has declined by more than 72,000 people since 2010, an 11% reduction since the release of Opening Doors. In January 2015, an estimated 564,708 people were homeless on a given night. Most (69%) were staying in residential programs for homeless people, and 31% were found in unsheltered locations.
- Veteran homelessness fell by 36% between 2010 and January 2015, including a 47% decline in unsheltered veterans. On a single night in January 2015, fewer than 48,000 veterans were homeless, and only 34% of those were on the street. HUD expects this trend to continue.
- Chronic homelessness among individuals continued to decline. Since 2010, chronic homelessness has declined 22%. More than 83,000 individuals experiencing homelessness in January 2015 were reported as chronically homeless.
- There was a 5% reduction in families experiencing homelessness between 2014 and January 2015. Between 2010 and January 2015, family homelessness declined by 19%.
- In January 2015, the estimated number of unaccompanied homeless youth and children was 36,097.
Every year in late January, volunteers across the nation conduct a count of their local sheltered and unsheltered homeless populations. These one-night “snapshot” counts are then reported to HUD. This data is crucial in understanding the scope of homelessness and measuring progress in reducing it. The PIT count only captures those persons sleeping in sheltered and unsheltered locations on the night of the count but is not reflective of who is eligible for HUD’s homeless assistance grants programs.