HUD Releases 2022 Annual Homeless Assessment Report
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HUD released its 2022 AHAR Part 1 to Congress. The report found 582,462 people were experiencing homelessness on a single night in January 2022. COVID-19 and its economic impacts could have led to significant increases in homelessness, however investments, partnerships, and government agency outreach resulted in only a .3 percent increase in the number of people experiencing homelessness from 2020 to 2022. The Biden-Harris Administration intends not only to stop but reverse the post-2016 trend of rising homelessness and reduce it 25 percent by 2025, as stated in All In, The Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness, which was released today by the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness. Compared with 2020, homelessness among people in shelters declined by 1.6 percent, while homelessness among people in unsheltered settings increased by 3.4 percent. The marginal increase in the rate of overall homelessness is due in large part to a robust federal response that prevented evictions through Emergency Rental Assistance distributed to more than three million households, expanded resources for vulnerable families through the Child Tax Credit and provided other financial transfers through stimulus.
Homelessness among certain subpopulations decreased. The number of veterans experiencing homelessness decreased by 11 percent, contributing to a 55 percent decrease since 2010. Between 2020 and 2022, the number of families with children experiencing homelessness declined by 6 percent between 2020 and 2022, marking a total decline of 36 percent since 2010. The number of people under the age of 25 who experienced homelessness on their own as “unaccompanied youth” also declined by 12 percent.
“HUD and everyone in the Biden-Harris Administration is committed to ensuring every person has a safe, stable place to call home. Data shows that homelessness remains a national crisis, but it also shows that the historic investments this Administration has made to address this issue, can work,” said HUD Secretary Marcia L. Fudge. “The Biden-Harris Administration is working to significantly reduce homelessness across the country and combat the racial and ethnic disparities resulting from systemic racism.”
While the overall number of people experiencing homelessness in 2022 increased slightly compared with 2020, it rose significantly for individuals, people with disabilities who experience long-term homelessness, and people in unsheltered settings. Single individuals not part of family households continue to represent the largest group of people experiencing homelessness. Homelessness among single individuals increased by 3.1 percent. The number of chronically homeless individuals (individuals with disabilities experiencing homelessness for long periods of time) increased by 16 percent between 2020 and 2022.
People who identify as Black, African American, or African, as well as indigenous people (including Native Americans and Pacific Islanders) continue to be overrepresented among those experiencing homelessness.
The AHAR data reflects a single-night snapshot of homelessness in America in early 2022 and the first complete single-night count of people experiencing homelessness since the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. It shows that overall homelessness remained relatively unchanged despite the economic challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic.
These results, however, do not reflect the full impact of the Biden-Harris Administration’s American Rescue Plan and HUD’s House America initiative, which largely took place during calendar year 2022. For instance, the majority of HUD’s Emergency Housing Voucher (EHV) program lease-ups took place during 2022. Also, during 2022, HUD released a first-of-its-kind Initiative to Address Unsheltered and Rural Homelessness, which HUD plans to award in early 2023.
HUD releases the AHAR to Congress in two parts. Part 1 provides PIT estimates, offering a snapshot of homelessness on a single night. The one-night counts are conducted during the last 10 days of January each year, with extensions approved on a case-by-case basis. The PIT counts also provide an estimate of the number of people experiencing homelessness within particular homeless populations such as individuals with chronic patterns of homelessness and veterans experiencing homelessness.
The 2022 report provides comparisons with 2020 data because many communities were considerably impacted by COVID-19 during the 2021 PIT count and did not conduct an unsheltered PIT count. The 2020 PIT estimate included both sheltered and unsheltered homelessness. In addition, the report compares 2022 data to data from 2010, the first year that the federal government set a national goal to end homelessness.
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