Category 1: Literally Homeless

What is Homeless Category 1: Literally Homeless? (§ 578.3)

Individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, meaning:

  1. Has a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not meant for human habitation; or
  2. Is living in a publicly or privately operated shelter designated to provide temporary living arrangements (including congregate shelters, transitional housing, and hotels and motels paid for by charitable organizations or by federal, state and local government programs); or
  3. Is exiting an institution where (s)he has resided for 90 days or less and who resided in an emergency shelter or place not meant for human habitation immediately before entering that institution.

Looking for definitions of the common CoC and ESG Program terms referenced throughout the Virtual Binders?

Virtual Binders Glossary

Note: An individual or family only needs to meet one of the three subcategories to qualify as Homeless Category 1: Literally Homeless.


For the CoC program these are baseline eligibility rules. Please refer to the CoC NOFA under which your grant was funded for additional eligibility requirements.

FAQ: What are examples of institutions?

FAQ: What is CoC-funded Transitional Housing for homeless persons?