Disability Definition

How is disability defined?

In the Defining “Chronically Homeless” Final Rule (2015) disability is defined as one or more of the following:

  1. Physical, mental or emotional impairment, including impairment caused by alcohol or drug abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, brain injury or a chronic physical illness that:
    • Is expected to be long-continuing or of indefinite duration; and
    • Substantially impedes the person’s ability to live independently; and
    • Could be improved by more suitable housing.
  2. Developmental Disability: Defined in Section 102 of the Developmental Disability Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000. Means a severe, chronic disability that:
    • Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination; and
    • Is manifested before age 22; and
    • Is likely to continue indefinitely; and
    • Results in substantial limitations in three or more major life activities, and
      • Self-care
      • Receptive and expressive language
      • Learning
      • Mobility
      • Self-direction
      • Capacity for independent living
      • Economic self-sufficiency
    • Reflects need for:
      • A combination and sequence of special, interdisciplinary or generic services; or
      • Individualized supports; or
      • Other forms of assistance that are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated.

Looking for definitions of the common CoC and ESG Program terms referenced throughout the Virtual Binders?

Virtual Binders Glossary

Did you know?

HUD clarified “professionals licensed by the state to diagnose and treat the disability” to state that professionals “must be licensed to treat whatever disability it is that they are confirming”. Read the Defining Chronically Homeless Final Rule Webinar Transcript for more information.