There are three different types of rental assistance:
Looking for definitions of the common CoC and ESG Program terms referenced throughout the Virtual Binders?
In TBRA, the program participants locate housing in the private rental market and enter into a lease with the property owner. Recipients/subrecipients may require participants to live in a specific structure for the first year, or a specific geographic area for the remainder of their participation in order to facilitate services.
As of July 2016, participants may use TBRA to rent units outside of the CoC's geographic area as long as the recipient meets certain requirements. It is important to review HUD's Mobility Rule One Pager to determine whether your program allows participants to move outside the CoC geography.
Answer: In TBRA, program participants are responsible for locating housing in the private rental market. If a program participant later moves to another unit, he/she can take the rental assistance and use it in the new unit. Although TBRA program participants may move and retain the rental assistance, recipients/subrecipients administering TBRA may limit where participants may reside if it is necessary to facilitate the coordination of supportive services.
In SBRA, sponsor agencies rent units in the private market and then sublet the units to program participants. Sponsors may be private nonprofit organizations or community mental health agencies established as nonprofit organizations. If the participant moves, the sponsor may sublease to a different participant or use the SBRA in a different unit with the current participant. SBRA stays with the sponsor.
Answer: In SBRA, program participants must reside in housing owned or leased by a sponsor organization and arranged through a contract between the recipient/subrecipient and the sponsor organization. A sponsor may be a private, nonprofit organization, or a community mental health agency established as a public nonprofit organization.
In PBRA, the recipient or subrecipient contracts for a particular unit or property and the participant then enters a lease with the landlord. If the participant moves, the PBRA stays with the unit for the next eligible participant.
Answer: In PBRA, program participants must reside in housing provided through a contract with the owner of an existing structure whereby the owner agrees to lease subsidized units to program participants. Program participants do not retain the rental assistance if they relocate to a unit outside the project; the subsidy remains with the project.