States must establish rehabilitation standards that all HTF-assisted housing undergoing rehabilitation must meet at the time of project completion, pursuant to the HTF implementing regulations at 24 CFR 93.301(b). If a State intends to use its HTF funds for housing being rehabilitated, it must submit its standards to HUD as part of its HTF allocation plan. The standards submitted to HUD must contain sufficient detail to determine the rehabilitation work required in a project and the methods and materials to be used.
A State’s standards may refer to applicable codes or may establish requirements that exceed the minimum requirements of the codes. At a minimum, a State’s rehabilitation standards must address:
- Health and safety – Identify life-threatening deficiencies, which must be addressed immediately if the housing is occupied at the time of rehabilitation.
- Major Systems – including structural support, roofing; cladding and weatherproofing (e.g., windows, doors, siding, gutters); plumbing; electrical; and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
- Requirements for Rental Housing
- Standards must require an estimate (based on age and condition) of the remaining useful life of these systems, upon project completion of each major system.
- For multifamily housing with 26 or more total units, the useful life of systems must be determined through a capital needs assessment that determines the work to be performed and identifies the long-term physical needs of the project.
- If the remaining useful life of one or more major system is less than the applicable period of affordability, the standards must require the grantee to ensure a replacement reserve is established and adequate monthly payments are made to repair or replace the systems as needed.
- Requirements for Homebuyer Housing – The standards must require that, upon completion, each of the major systems have a minimum useful life of 5 years (or a longer period, if established by the grantee) or the major systems must be rehabilitated or replaced as part of the rehabilitation work.
- Lead-Based Paint – Standards must require housing to meet applicable provisions of 24 CFR part 35.
- Accessibility – Standards must require housing to meet:
- Accessibility requirements at 24 CFR part 8 (implementing section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973) and Titles II and III of the Americans with Disabilities Act implemented at 28 CFR parts 35 and 36.
- For “covered multifamily dwellings,” as defined at 24 CFR 100.205, standards must require that the housing meets the design and construction requirements at 24 CFR 100.205. (Note that grantees may use HTF funds for other improvements that permit use by a person with disabilities, even if they are not required by statute or regulation.)
- Disaster Mitigation – Where relevant, the standards must require the housing to be improved to mitigate the potential impact of potential disasters (e.g., earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and wildfires) in accordance with state or local codes, ordinances, and requirements, or such other requirements that HUD may establish.
- State and Local Codes, Ordinances, and Zoning Requirements – The standards must require the housing to meet all applicable State and local codes, ordinances, and requirements. In the absence of State or local building codes, the housing must meet the International Existing Building Code of the International Code Council.
- Uniform Physical Condition Standards (UPCS) – Standards must ensure that the housing will be decent, safe, sanitary, and in good repair as described in 24 CFR 5.703. While States are not required to adopt the standards of criticality or use the HUD’s Real Estate Assessment Center’s (REAC) scoring protocol, each State’s standards must include the UPCS inspectable items and observable deficiencies for the Site, Building Exterior, Building Systems (multifamily housing only), Common Areas (multifamily housing only), and Units identified on the following charts. The rehabilitation standards must identify the type and degree of deficiency that must be addressed. View the HTF FAQ Appendices: Uniform Physical Condition Standards for Multifamily and Single Family Housing Rehabilitation. Appendix A applies to HTF-funded multifamily housing undergoing rehabilitation. Appendix B applies to HTF-funded single family housing undergoing rehabilitation.